"Two roads diverged in a wood, and I, I took the one less traveled by, And that has made all the difference" - Robert Frost

December 3, 2013

Book Review: The 4 Disciplines of Execution (Part One, Two and Three)

This book actually belongs to my mom. But because I recently need the knowledge given in this book, jadilah saya "terpaksa" membaca buku ini.
Kalau boleh jujur, ini non-fiksi yang paling berat yang pernah saya baca sejauh ini. Bukan berat sih, hanya saja bagi saya agak membosankan. Makanya ketika baca selalu saya kaitkan sama hal-hal yang saya butuhkan juga, biar tetep nyambung hahaha.
But then, although it's boring, bisa juga digunakan buat kehidupan sehari-hari kok :)

Now I'm gon' tell you a bit about the book ya... I'm gonna use easy examples so that it's gon' be easier for you to understand..

As individual, we must have once had that great goal that, in time, so often we end up don't execute it.
Why do we do that?
Apparently, it's because we're too busy doing our routines. This routine --that absorbs approximately 80% of our energy, money and time-- is usually called whirlwind.
Ok, so The 4 Disciplines of Execution is the disciplins we need to execute our strategy in the middle of whirlwinds.

And the 4 disciplines are:
Discipline #1 Focus on the Wildly Important
                #2 Act Towards Lead Measure
                #3 Present a Motivating Scoreboard
                #4 Creating the Accountability Rhythm

The book is divided into three parts. Since I've only read the first chapter of part one, at least for now Imma share it first ya :)

So, discipline #1 Focus on the Wildly Important

There are few rules we must follow when doing this discipline, they are:

1. There are only one or two WIG(s) that can be focused on at a time.
Why is it just one or two? Because, if it's more than two, we'll get unmotivated and then we'll get easily distracted by the whirlwind. This is why we need to know what our WIG(s) actually is/are.
What to do, then? Well, we can prioritize.

2. The battle you choose MUST win the war.
The book says the only reason we are in to the battle is to win the war.
Our lower-level WIG must not only support but also make sure the success of the higher-level WIG.

3. Senior leader can do veto, but is prohibited to dictate
It needs engagement of all parts of team to make the execution succeed. This is why senior leaders must permit the leader in the level below them to define the WIGs of their team.

4. All WIGs must have "End Line" in a form "from X to Y when".
WIGs must be measurable.

*due to time limit, this post is not done yet but still gonna be posted. To be continued. I'll add the examples here when I get the time. Thanks for reading this post, have a lovely day :)


Night, friends. Remember when I wrote about 4DX?
Now, I'll share the continuance of the post. :)
If you haven't read it, you can read it here.

Feel a bit confused of what I'm sharing? Let's take a look at it this way.

In life, we have dreams to be pursued, right? It's maybe big, like studying abroad, becoming an entrepreneur, travelling around the world, etc.
It can also be small dreams, like having the latest gadget, get a better score at school, or watching Beyonce's concert (lol mine).

They are all goals. But then, how do we know what our WIGs are?
Now we maybe think "Our WIG is the most important thing lah!!"
The answer is, shockingly, no! WIG is not the most important thing.
WIG is, something that if we do it, will give a great impact in all that we do.

For example:
Kim has so many dreams. (Why Kim? Because she's not Ivanka :p)
Five of them are:
-Being able to earn money by her own
-Watching Coldplay's concert (she's a BIG fan of it!)
-Traveling around the world (at least for now she wants to visit Turkey and France)
-Get a better score at school
-and studying in Harvard.

Now which one (or two) isare Kim's WIGs
If we ask the what's-the-most-important-thing question to Kim, she'll probably answer: get a better score at school and watch Coldplay's concert.

But we already know that the actual question should be asked is: what is it that if we do it, it will give great impact to us, right? :D
So, according to my analysis (wait that's a hard word haha), Kim's WIG should be: being able to earn money by her own.

By being able to earn money by her own, Kim will learn at least two things:
-How to manage her income,
so that she'll know how to prepare to watch Coldplay's concert, and how to travel the world, and she'll also be able to know how much it costs to study in Harvard and how she's gonna deal with it.
-How to manage the time
since she's earning money by her own, whether it's by working part time-ly or by running small business or what,
she'll have to be able to manage her time because she's still in school andddd she has a goal to get a better score at school too.
So, yes, Kim's WIG is now found! Cha ching!

Now that we now understand what Discipline #1: Focus on the Wildly Important is all about, let's move to chapter two:
Discipline #2: Act Towards Lead Measure. :3

In achieving our goals, we surely have measures--to know whether we make it or we fail.
There are two kinds of measure: lag measure and lead measure.

Lag measure is the result. It's something that is done. We can't change lag measure because it has happened in the past. Lag measure is uncontrollable.
For example:
Lizzie's goal is to be the best at school. Her lag measure is to get 9 As.
When the she looks at the report card at the end of the semester, she becomes sad because she only gets 7 Bs and 2 B+s.
Maybe Lizzie needs lead measure.

What is lead measure?
Lead measure is goals that are predictable, it's something we can control because it's a continual process.
For example:
Lizzie's goal is to be the best at school so her lead mesures would be:
-Listen to the teacher and write what's on the blackboard
-Re-read the subjects every night
-Do all the homework
-Watch Salman Khan video on Youtube and practice it on her algebra class
-and so on, and so on.

So, there they are. Two of the four of the disciplines. Of course we have different goals and dreams so our lead measures would be different too :p
Anyway, will post the continuation soon. See ya and thanks for reading! :D 


Hello :)
This post is about 4DX's Discipline #3: Managing Motivating Scoreboard.
You haven't read Discipline #1 and #2? You can read them here and here. :)

So now we understand what discipline #1 and #2 are all about. We've known what our WIGs are, amd we've already known the things we need to do to achieve our goals.
Then how do we know if we're losing or winning?

Discipline #3 is about how we know whether we're losing or winning, and how to turn the tide.

For example, on Lizzies case (read part two), her WIG is to be the best at school. Her lead measures are including re-read the subjects every night, do her homework and watch Salman's Khan video on Youtube.
Now, how do we know if she can really be the best at school?
We know that, beside being a student, Lizzie is also a daughter, a member of the house, a friend of her friends. So she also has other things to do, like doing the home works, going out with friends, also having a me-time for herself, so she might probably fall into the whirlwind instead of focusing executing her WIG, right?
How she can keep herself  focused, then? That is, by writing a motivating scoreboard.

Motivating scoreboard is used to make us know where we are now and keep us focused on getting to where we're heading. When in team, make sure you have two kinds of scoreboards: for the leaders and for the team member. Usually, scoreboard for leaders is different than for the team member, Because the leaders' goals are different than the team's goals

Scoreboard for the team member is used to let them know where're they're at and where they're heading to, how far is it? how near is it?
Thus, it will get the team motivated more and more to achieve their goals. That's how 4DX change people's behavior. Scoreboard will make the team member enganged with their goals.
On Lizzie's case, it doesn't matter whether the scoreboard is for the leader or for the team member because the do-er here is just Lizzie herself.

There are characteristics for an interesting scoreboard. Scoreboard should be simple, easy to look for, shows lag and lead measures. Also, scoreboard should help us know whether we lose or win.

Now now, I hope you are enlightened by this post. If there's anything you don't know yet, ask me here :)

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