"Two roads diverged in a wood, and I, I took the one less traveled by, And that has made all the difference" - Robert Frost

June 15, 2014

Chapter 4: Where Have All the Criminals Gone? (Freakonomics by Steven Levitt)

The chapter begins with the story of Romania in 1966, when its leader, a communist dictator, Nicolae Ceausescu announced that abortion is illegal.
The prohibition was made ton achieve one of his prime goals: to fasten the strengthening of Romania by pushing the population's growth. (But at the same time he neglected agriculture section and chose manufacture industry).
At '89, thousands of young men demonstrated to protest against Ceausescu's destructive regime. He eventually got judged, harshly, and got executed on December 25th 1989.

Also on 1989 in the US, criminality was on its top position, like never before.
And then at the beginning of 90s, criminality started going down, suddenly and sharply that it shocked almost everyone.

The experts began to predict, analyze and even speculate what made the criminality went down. Some said it's because of the cops' innovative strategy, changes on drug market, stronger economical situation, etc etc.

But none of them, said Levitt, talked about abortion.

On January 22nd 1973, the US Supreme Court legalized abortion countrywidely through the Roe v. Wade legislation. In short, the people who were born before the legislation reached their teen age on the 80s, when the criminality went up like crazy.
On the 90s, when the kids who were born after the legislation reached their teen age, the criminality started going down.

Can you believe that it's all because the legalization of one thing?

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